ຫວຍພັດທະນາ ໂປ່ງໃສ ໃຫ້ຄວາມເປັນທຳ

ທ່ານ ສົມປະສົງ ສີລິວົງໄຊ

ຮອງອຳນວຍການຫວຍພັດທະນາ ສາຂາ 5.

ປັດຈຸ​ບັນ ນັກ​ສ່ຽງ​ໂຊກກຳລັງ​ສົນ​ໃຈ​​ຜູ້​​ທີ່ໄດ້​ຮັບສຳ​ປະທານ​ຫວຍ​ພັດທະນາ, ທ້າວ ຊູ ວັນນະ​ລາດ ສະ​ແດງ​ຄວາມ​ຮູ້ສຶກ​ວ່າ: “ຂ້ອຍ​ສັງ​ເກດ​ ນັບ​ແຕ່​ມີ​ນັກ​ລົງທຶນ​​ມາ​ປະມູນໃຜ​ຊື້ກໍ​ບໍ່ຖືກ” ທ້າວ ຈັນທະ​ຈອນ ພົມມະຈັນ ​ເສີມຄວາມ​ໃນ​ໃຈຕື່ມ​​ວ່າ: “ຢາກ​ໃຫ້​ຄົນ​ລາວ​ເຮົາ​ເອງ​ເປັນ​ເຈົ້າຂອງ​ຫວຍ​ພັດທະນາ”ວ່າ​ຊັ້ນ ຍ້ອນ​ຍັງ​ເຂົ້າ​ໃຈ​ວ່າ ​ມີ​ນັກ​ທຸ​ກິດ​ຕ່າງ​ຊາດມາ​ສຳ​ປະທານຫວຍ​ພັດທະນາ​, ບາງ​ຄົນ​ຊ້ຳພັດ​ສົນ​ໃຈ​ວ່າ ​ເປັນ​ຫຍັງ ? ​ຄື​ອອກ​ຖີ່​ແທ້ ນາງ​ນຸດ ຖາມ​ວ່າ “ຫວຍ​ພັດທະນາ​ອອກ​ມື້​ໃດ​ແທ້ !” ທ້າວ ​ສົມ​ພອນ​ ເສີມ​ຄວາມ​ສົງ​ໄສ​ຈຸດ​ນີ້ວ່າ: “ປັດ​ໄຈ​ສຳຄັນ​ທີ່​ສຸດ​ສຳລັບ​ນັກ​ສ່ຽງ​ໂຊກ​ຄືຕາຕະລາງ​ທີ່​ຈະ​ອອກ​ຫວຍ​ແຕ່​ລະອາ​ທິດ ​ບໍ່ຮູ້​ວ່າ​ອອກ​ວັນ​ໃດ​​ແດ່ ​ແລະ ກໍບໍ່ມີ​ການ​ປະຊາສຳພັນ​ໃດໆ” ມີ​ບາງ​ຄົນພັດ​​​ຢາກ​ໃຫ້​ຫວຍ​ພັດທະນາ​​ຖ່າຍ​ທອດ​ສົດ​ ? ​ເພື່ອ​ຄວາມ​ໂປ່​ງ​ໃສ ! ທ້າວ ​ພອນ​ທອງ ຝາກ​ຖາມ​​ວ່າ: “ຖ່າຍ​ທອດ​ສົດ​ທາງ​ໂທລະ ພາບ​ແດ່​ໄດ້​ບໍ່?”. ​ເພາະ​ເຂົ້າ​ໃຈ​​ວ່າ: ການ​ອອກ​ຫວຍ​ແມ່ນ​ສຸ່ມ​ເອົາ​ຕົວ​ເລ​ກຜ່ານລະບົບ​ຄອມ​ພິວ​ເຕີ້ ​ແລະ ສາມາດ​ລ໋ອກຜົນ​ໄດ້. ນາງ​ ແອັບ ​ເປີ້ນ ພັດ​ມີ​ຄຳ​ເຫັນຕ່າງ​ວ່າ: “ຊື້ບໍ່ຖືກ​ກໍ​ດວງ​ບໍ່ມີ ! ຊິ​ໄປ​ວ່າ​ອອກ​ເລກ​ເກົ່າ​ເຮັດ​ຫຍັງ ? ງວດ​ແລ້ວ​ອອກ​ກົບ, ງວດ​ກ່ອນ​ອອກໝາ, ງວດ​ກ່ອນໜ້າພຸ້ນອອກ ສິງ ຄົນ​ລະ​ເລກ” ນາງ​ ນິດ ຍັງ​ເສີມ​ຈຸດ​ນີ້ວ່າ: “ ຊື້​ເລກ​ຫຼາຍ​​ແນ່ນອນ​ຕ້ອງ​ເປັນໜີ້ ​ແລະ ທຸກ​ໃຈ”

ທ່ານ ສົມປະສົງ ສີລິວົງໄຊ Mr. Sompasong Silevongxay ຮອງອຳນວຍການຫວຍພັດທະນາ ສາຂາ 5 ນະຄອນຫຼວງວຽງຈັນ ທີ່ມີ​ລູກ​ຄ້າ​ຍ່ອຍ 185 ກຸ່ມ ໃຫ້​ສຳພາດ​ຕໍ່ວາລະສານ​ທາ​ເກັດ​ວ່າ: “ໃນຄວາມຈິງແລ້ວ ບໍ່ມີຄົນຕ່າງປະເທດມາສຳປະທານ ເນື່ອງຈາກລັດຖະບານໄດ້ຄຸ້ມຄອງ ​ແລະ ຂຶ້ນກັບກະຊວງການເງິນໂດຍກົງ ບໍ່ມີຄົນຕ່າງປະເທດມາເຂົ້າເປັນຮຸ້ນສ່ວນໃນກິດຈະການ​ແຕ່​ຢ່າງ​ໃດ. ປັດຈຸ​ບັນ ຢູ່​ນະຄອນຫຼວງ​ວຽງຈັນມີ 8 ສາຂາ​ທີ່​ໄດ້​ຊື້​ໂກ​ຕາ​ຈາກ​ລັດຖະບານ ຊຶ່ງ​ເປັນ​ຄົນ​ລາວໝົດ ​ໃນ​ມູນ​ຄ່າເດືອນໜຶ່ງ 394 ລ້ານກີບ ຫຼື 34 ລ້ານ​ກວ່າກີບຕໍ່ງວດ. ນອກ​ນັ້ນ ຍັງ​ຕ້ອງ​ຈ່າຍອາກອນງວດ, ອາກອນກຳໄລ, ອາກອນເງິນເດືອນ, ອາກອນມູນຄ່າເພີ່ມ…

ການອອກຫວຍໃນອາທິດໜຶ່ງສອງເທື່ອຄື ວັນອັງຄານ ແລະ ວັນສຸກ ແມ່ນເໝາະສົມແລ້ວ ​ເພາະ​ຖ້າຫຼາຍເກີນໄປຈະເຮັດໃຫ້ຜູ້ບໍລິໂພກເກີດຄວາມສັບສົນ ຄືເງິນທີ່​ຈະ​ຊອກ​​ມາ​ສ່ຽງ​ໂຊກມັນອາດຈະບໍ່ພຽງພໍ ເນື່ອງຈາກແນວທາງນະໂຍບາຍຂອງລັດຖະບານບໍ່ຢາກໃຫ້ເອົາເລື່ອງຫວຍເຂົ້າມາປະປົນ​ໃນ​ຊີວິດ​ປະຈຳ​ວັນ ອອກໃຫ້ສົມເຫດສົມຜົນ. ສຳລັບ​ກໍລະນີທີ່​ມີ​ບາງ​ອາທິດ ​ໄດ້​ອອກ​ເຖິງ​ສາມ​ເທື່ອນັ້ນ ​ແມ່ນ​ເປັນ​ການ​ອອກ​ຊົດ​ເຊີຍ ຈັນ ພຸດ ສຸກ ​ເຊັ່ນ: ​ປີ​ໃໝ່ລາວ, ວັນ​ກຳມະກອນ ​​ໂດຍ​ໄດ້ສຳຫຼວດຄຳເຫັນຂອງສັງຄົມ ​ເພາະ​ຄັນ​ບໍ່ອອກ​ຊົດ​ເຊີຍ ບັນດາສາຂາ ​ກໍບໍ່ມີ​ເງິນ​ໄປ​ມອບ​ພັນທະ​ໄດ້​ຄົບ​ຕາມ​ຈຳນວນ​ງວດທີ່​ຕົກລົງ​​ໄວ້ ​ແລະ ທາງພາກລັດເພິ່ນກໍໄດ້ຕົກລົງໃນກອງປະຊຸມໃຫ້ຢູ່ໃນລະດັບທີ່ຜູ້ບໍລິໂພກຮັບໄດ້ ການທີ່ຈະເລື່ອນມື້ຂາຍແມ່ນໄດ້ຜ່ານກະຊວງການເງິນເພາະເຮົາຢູ່ພາຍໃຕ້ການຄຸ້ມ​ຄອງຂອງລັດ.

ມີ​ໄລຍະໜຶ່ງຜູ້​ຊື້​ເຂົ້າ​ໃຈຜິດ​ເພາະເລກມັນຈະອອກໂຕເກົ່າ ຈົນຜູ້​ຊື້ຄິດວ່າເຮັດເອົາ ຫຼື ລ໋ອກຜົນ ການ​ອອກ​ຫວຍ​ແມ່ນມີ​ຄວາມ​ໂປ່​ງ​ໃສ ​ເພາະໃຊ້ວິທີແກວ່ງລູກບານ ເຊິ່ງມີຄະນະກຳມະການ 9 ພາກສ່ວນທີ່ກວດກາທຸກຂັ້ນຕອນ ​ໂດຍໃຊ້ລະບົບລຸ້ນໝາກບານ ດ້ວຍ​ການໝູນລູກບານ 40 ລູກ ​ໃນ 4 ວົງລໍ້ ,ວົງລໍ້ໜຶ່ງມີເລກສູນຮອດເລກເກົ້າ ມັນຈະແກວ່ງໄປເລື້ອຍໆ ໃນເວລາແກວ່ງເລກອອກມາ ງາມ ຫຼື ບໍ່ງາມ ລັດກໍບໍ່ໄດ້ມີ​ສ່ວນ​ເພີ່ມ​ ຫຼື ​ຫຼຸດ​ລາຍ​ຮັບ ເພາະວ່າການຫຼິ້ນຫວຍນີ້ ນັກ​ສ່ຽງ​ໂຊກຈະເຂົ້າໃຈດີວ່າ ເລກສາມໂຕມີພັນຮູ ເລກສອງໂຕຮ້ອຍຮູ ມັນ​ສາມາດ​ກັບ​ມາ​ອອກ​ເລກ​ເກົ່າ​ໄດ້ ເລື່ອງຫວຍນີ້ເຮົາກຳນົດບໍ່ໄດ້ວ່າ ຈະອອກເລກຫຍັງ ເພາະເລກເປົາກໍເຄີຍອອກ ຄື 333,​ 222, 999 ​ແລະ ຜູ້​ສ່ຽງ​ໂຊກກໍມັກຊື້ເລກໝາ, ເລກງູ ​ເລກຈຳພວກນີ້ຂະເຈົ້າຖືເປັນເລກໂຊກ ສະນັ້ນ​ເມື່ອ​ບໍ່ອອກ​ຄື​ຄິດກໍ​ພາ​ໃຫ້​​ຜິດ​ຫວັງ.

ສຳລັບເລື່ອງຖ່າຍທອດສົດຜ່ານໂທລະພາບນັ້ນ ຜ່ານ​ມາແມ່ນມີແຕ່ຫວຍກິລາເຄີຍ​ເຮັດ ​ຫວຍ​ກິລາ​​ເປັນຂອງເອກະຊົນຂຶ້ນກັບ ເອກະຊົນ ​ເຂົາ​ເຈົ້າສາມາດ​ດຳ​ເນີນ​ການ​ເອງ​ໄດ້ ສຳລັບ​ຫວຍ​ພັດທະນາແມ່ນເປັນຂອງລັດ ລັດເປັນຜູ້ອອກລາງວັນບັນດາ​ສາຂາ​ກໍ​ເຄີຍສະ  ເໜີ​ເຖິງກະຊວງການເງິນແລ້ວ ​ໂດຍລັດວິສາຫະກິດຈະຂໍເປັນຄົນຈ່າຍຄ່າຖ່າຍ​ທອດສົດ​ເອງ ແຕ່ເມື່ອ​ຜ່ານການປະຊຸມ ​ເພິ່ນ​ແນະນຳ​ວ່າບໍ່ຢາກໃຫ້​​ເອົາຖ່າຍທອດສົດເປັນການເບື່ອເມົາ​ຜູ້​ຊື້ຫຼາຍເກີນໄປ. ສ່ວນ​ເລື່ອງການຂາຍຕາມຫົນທາງ ຈົນສ້າງຄວາມເດືອດຮ້ອນໃນການສັນຈອນນັ້ນ ເພິ່ນກໍໄດ້ລົງກວດກາຕົວຈິງແມ່ນ​ໃຫ້​ຂາຍ​ສະ​ເພາະຂອບດຳ ບໍ່​ໃຫ້​ກີດຂວາງ​ການ​ສັນຈອນ ຂາຍແລ້ວຕ້ອງມ້ຽນຂີ້ເຫຍື້ອໃຫ້ດີໆ.

ຫວຍພັດທະນາບໍ່ມີຄົນຕ່າງປະເທດມາສຳປະທານ ບໍ່ມີ​ການ​ລ໋ອກຜົນ ເພາະຫວຍ​ພັດທະນາ​ມີ​ຂັ້ນຕອນ​ການ​ຕິດຕາມກວດກາ, ມີ​ຄະນະ​ກຳມະການ​ຄຸ້ມ​ຄອງໃນລະບົບທີ່ມີຄວາມໂປ່ງໃສທີ່ສຸດ, ການ​ຊື້ຫວຍ​ເປັນ​ການ​ສ່ຽງ​ໂຊກ​ຕ້ອງ​ເບິ່ງ​ຄວາມອາດ​ສາມາດ​ຂອງ​ລາຍ​ຮັບ​ ບໍ່​ໃຫ້​ມີ​ຜົນ​ກະທົບ​ຕໍ່ຊີວິດ​ການ​ເປັນ​ຢູ່​ຂອງ​ຕົນ​ເອງ, ຄອບຄົວ ​ແລະ ຄົນ​ອ້ອມ​ຂ້າງ ​​ເພາະຊື້ຫວຍເປັນການປະກອບສ່ວນທຶນຮອນ​ພັດທະນາ​​ເສດຖະກິດ-ສັງຄົມ ບໍ່​ແມ່ນ​ການ​ສ້າງໜີ້ ​ແລະ ບໍ່​ເຮັດ​ໃຫ້​ຄົນ​ທີ່​ທ່ານ​ຮັກ​ທຸກ​ໃຈນຳ.

Houay Patthana – Transparent and Fair 

Lottery enthusiasts are currently taking interest in the recipient of the concession for Houay Phatthana – the Lao lottery. Mr. Xou Vannalath explains that “I have noticed that ever since investors have been bidding for this, nobody ever gets a winning ticket.” Mr. Chanthachone Phommachan adds that “I would like Lao people to own Houay Patthana” because they still understand that there are foreign businesspeople who have a concession for Houay Patthana. Some people are asking why. Ms. Nouch asks “On which day are the Houay Patthana tickets being sold coming out?” and Mr. Somphone adds that “The important factor for lottery players is which days of the week the tickets are sold. We never know which day and there is no information service”. Some people want live coverage of the Houay Patthana lottery for the sake of transparency. Mr. Phonethong asks “Can it be broadcast live on TV?” because he understands that the lottery numbers are chosen using a computer so cheating can take place. Ms. Apple gives the opinion that “If you buy a ticket and don’t win, then that’s unlucky. What’s the point of complaining about the same numbers coming out a second time? Last time, the numbers came out one way, the time before, another way, and the time before that, a different way altogether.” and Ms. Nith adds that “If you buy too many lottery tickets, then for sure you will end up in debt and unhappy”.

Mr. Sompasong Silevongxay, Deputy Director of the Vientiane Capital Houay Patthana Branch 5, which has 185 lottery ticket vendors, recently granted Target magazine an interview and explains that “The truth is that foreigners do not have a concession for Houay Patthana because it is managed by the government and operates directly under the Ministry of Finance. No foreigners own any share of this business. There are currently eight branches in Vientiane Capital which buy a quota from the government and all these are owned by Lao people and make 394 million kip per month or over 34 million kip per lottery. They have to pay lottery tax, profit tax, salary tax, and value added tax.

Tickets are sold twice a week – on Tuesdays and Fridays. This is suitable because if we do it more than this, it will confuse consumers and they may not have enough money to spend on it and the government has a policy for the lottery not to play too great a role in people’s everyday lives. There are certain cases in which the tickets are sold three times a week – on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday – to make up for days missed during holidays such as the Lao New Year and Labor Day. This is because if we do not do this, the branches will not have the money to pay the agreed fees in full. The State has agreed for the frequency to be at a level suitable for consumers and for these days to be postponed in the event public holidays and this has been approved by the Ministry of Finance because we are operating under State management.

There was one time when the players misunderstood because the same numbers came out twice and they thought that cheating was taking place. The lottery is transparent because the numbers are chosen randomly using balls and there are nine referees inspecting each process. We use a system in which there are four lottery machines, each containing ten balls numbered 0 to 9. They turn round and round, mixing up the balls and the numbers can come out randomly so the State doesn’t benefit or lose because as the players will know, in this lottery, there is a one in a thousand chance of hitting three numbers and only a one in a hundred chance of hitting two so it’s absolutely possible for the same numbers to come out a second time. We have no way of knowing which numbers will come out because three numbers of the same kind – like 333, 222, or 999 – have come out before. Players like to buy certain types of numbers because they believe they are lucky so when they don’t come out, they feel disappointed. As for live broadcasts, this has only happened with the Sports Lottery and this is a private lottery. They are able to act independently. Houay Patthana, however, belongs to the State and the State issues the prizes to the branches. A private company did once request permission from the Ministry of Finance to broadcast the lottery live but after holding a meeting, it was decided that they did not want the lottery to poison the minds of the people to too great an extent. Roadside vendors are also being inspected to ensure they do not interfere with the flow of traffic, refrain from selling on roads where it isn’t permitted to park, and clean up all their litter properly.

No foreigner has a concession with Houay Patthana and there is no cheating because the lottery is monitored and inspected. There are referees and the system is transparent. Players have to look at their incomes and not allow the lottery to affect their lives and wellbeing or that of their family and people around them because buying lottery tickets should contribute to socio-economic development rather than creating debts and making people unhappy.

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